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Geminiani, Francesco
6 Concerti dalle Opp. 1 e 3 di Corelli (H. 126-131) - 3 Concerti da ‘Select Harmony’ (H. 121-123) - 2 Concerti all’unisono (H. 124-125)
[Opera Omnia - Vol. 8]
Edizione critica


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Dettagli prodotto

Autore: Francesco Geminiani (1687-1762)
Curatore: Christopher Hogwood
Anno ed.: 2010
Collana: Francesco Geminiani - Opera Omnia
Pagine: pp. 224
Formato: 235x315 mm
Rilegatura: Brossura (copertina rigida telata)
ISMN: 979-0-2153-1880-9
Codice: GCE 2
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Descrizione

Geminiani’s first orchestral publications were two sets of adaptations of Corelli’s solo sonatas Op. 5 as concerti grossi, which appeared in 1726 and 1729. Although such arranging was said to be much despised by Veracini and scorned by Burney as “musical cookery, not to call it quackery”, these concertos were immediately popular with the musical public; in England John Walsh produced multiple reprints and they were re-engraved in Paris specifically for the French market. Hawkins claimed that the second set, based on the six da camera sonatas of Corelli’s collection, “having no fugues and consisting altogether of airs, afforded him but little scope for the exercise of his skill, and met with but an indifferent reception”; nevertheless these too were reissued in London, and reprinted in both Amsterdam and Paris.
Geminiani followed this success by issuing twelve original concertos (Op. 2 and Op. 3, both published in 1732) before returning to Corelli in 1735 with a set of transcriptions derived, according to the title-page, from Sei Sonate del Opera Terza (but in fact including one sonata from Op. 1). This selection contained a substantial number of fugal movements, so Hawkins’ observations may have been taken to heart.
The series of publications under the title of Select Harmony issued by Walsh and Hare began in 1730 with XII Concertos in Six Parts…Collected from the Works of Antonio Vivaldi, a selection from his Opp. 6, 7, 8 and 9, all of them already available in print. A second collection with the same title followed in 1732 “being 12 Concerto’s collected from the latest Opera of Albinoni in 7 parts”, again utilizing pre-existing publications of his Opp. 5 and 7. For the third collection Walsh adopted a serial approach, issuing single Select Concertos on a monthly basis in 1734; the title-page of the first concerto, by Giacomo Facco, an Italian composer resident in Madrid, promised that the series would “be continued Monthly with a well chosen Concerto from the Works of the most Eminent Italian Authors at 1s. 6d. each”. The next three issues (between February 28 and April 4) contained the present concertos by Geminiani, after which the monthly plan seems to have been aborted and the individual concertos were absorbed into a single volume, Select Harmony Third Collection – six concertos described as “Compos’d by Sigr Geminiani, and other Eminent Italian Authors. Engraven in a fair Character and Carefully Corrected”. Other than Facco (no. 6 in the new arrangement) it is unclear which other Italian authors were involved; the first of the set is anonymous, while the fifth concerto had already managed to appear spuriously as part of the first issue of Handel’s Op. 3 collection, before reappearing anonymously in Select Harmony. Geminiani’s works, in an altered sequence, became nos. 2-4 and the whole was announced as “Just publish’d” at the beginning of June 1735.
Geminiani produced forty-seven concertos in total, including his expansions of his own solo sonatas and Corelli’s solos and trios. All save his last two concertos are scored in many parts (usually a quartet of soloists and three-part tutti) with additional parts in some instances for wind instruments. Only the two Unison Concertos, published by John Johnson in 1761 less than a year before the composer’s death, deviate from this pattern; not only do they resolutely restrict themselves to two parts in all save a few bars, they also have no known earlier existence as solos. They do not exhibit any of that “artificial contexture of the parts for which Geminiani is so justly admired” to quote John Mainwaring, with only the most straightforward patterns of imitation (Concerto II, first movement) and nothing more technically exacting from the composer than an ostinato bass (Concerto II, Andante).

Dettagli collana

Francesco Geminiani - Opera Omnia
Edizione critica fondata da Christopher Hogwood
General Editor: Rudolf Rasch - Editorial Assistant: Ana Lombardía González
Comitato scientifico: Clive Brown, Enrico Careri, Peter Holman, Sandra Mangsen, Richard Maunder, Fulvia Morabito, Rudolf Rasch (Chairman), Robin Stowell, Michael Talbot, Peter Walls, Neal Zaslaw

Di tutti i maggiori compositori del sec. XVIII, solo Francesco Geminiani (1687-1762) manca di un'edizione critica completa della sua musica e dei suoi scritti. Sebbene considerato all'epoca alla stregua di Corelli - e da alcuni reputato senza dubbio superiore al suo contemporaneo Händel nella composizione strumentale - una sorprendentemente larga parte delle sue opere non è mai stata ripubblicata da quando egli era in vita, e con l'eccezione di poche sonate a solo e dei suoi trattati sul ‘buon gusto’ e sull'arte di suonare il violino, Geminiani è largamente ignorato dal gusto barocco dei nostri giorni.
La mancanza di edizioni moderne scrupolose e concepite per l'esecuzione pratica delle sue musiche ha impedito di apprezzare l'enorme originalità da egli dimostrata sia nella scrittura che nella riscrittura della sua musica e di quella del suo maestro, Corelli. I suoi adattamenti e rielaborazioni non sono mai stati fino ad oggi presentati nella loro interezza e in una forma che renda possibile un confronto pertinente, e la maggior parte della sua musica non è mai stata rivisitata dai musicologi dell'ultimo mezzo secolo.
Per celebrare nel 2012 il 250° anniversario della morte del compositore, gli Opera Omnia di Francesco Geminiani presenteranno la sua intera produzione, strumentale, vocale e didattica, in edizione critica, con le prime versioni, le revisioni e le rielaborazioni del compositore presentate consecutivamente per numero d'opera, corredate da un dettagliato apparato critico e da facsimili, oltre che da edizioni pratiche e dal materiale per l'esecuzione completo relativo ai lavori orchestrali e da camera. I trattati didattici pubblicati in inglese saranno accompagnati dalle traduzioni in italiano, francese o tedesco dell'epoca, ove presenti, commentate approfonditamente da autorevoli studiosi moderni.
Agli Opera Omnia si affianca il volume Geminiani Studies, che include sedici saggi di studiosi internazionali su composizioni e opere teoriche di Geminiani, la sua attività di mercante d’arte, le esperienze con la Massoneria e la legge, e la sua ricezione storica e nell’ambito della pratica esecutiva dei giorni nostri.

Prefazione e Apparato Critico in Inglese

Recensioni

Eighteenth-Century Music 1/9 (2012)
The Geminiani project is one of several ambitious initiatives recently launched by the Bolognese publishing house Ut Orpheus, alongside the ‘Opera Omnia’ of Luigi Boccherini and Muzio Clementi and the operatic series ‘Riccardo Muti: Naples and Europe’. ... The volume is finely produced. In clarity as well as consistency it strikes a happy balance between so-called ‘scholarly’ and ‘practical’ editions, a fine response to Hogwood’s observation concerning the ‘lack of availability of [Geminiani’s] music in scrupulous modern editions designed for practical performance’ ... (A. Sanna)

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